How to Shop for CBD
The first is to ensure that the plants don’t absorb any potentially harmful chemicals from the soil. The other is how much of the plant’s two key compounds they contain: THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which gets users high, and CBD (cannabidiol), which is gaining increasing attention for its potential health benefits.
These are two important things that consumers need to consider when selecting from the many CBD products available in the country.
These choices will soon become more complicated. According to the Brightfield Group (a market research firm that specializes on cannabis), the CBD market is expected grow at least sevenfold between 2021 and $2.15 Billion. This figure is up from $292 Million in 2016. Coca-Cola admits that it is “closely monitoring” the increasing interest in CBD and its potential use as an ingredient in certain of its beverages.
Meyer, who is also the vice president for operations at Veritas Farms (pictured below), as well as being a retired fire captain as well as an Air Force veteran, are constantly on alert to meet such demand. She says that cannabis plants will produce more THC if they are stressed by the weather.
This is important for Meyer and other farmers, as well as consumers. The federal government considers a plant that contains less than 0.3 percent THC “industrial hemp” and, according to Colorado and most other states, it can legally be made into oils, tinctures and topicals and sold to consumers. If a plant contains more than 0.3 percent of THC, the federal government considers it marijuana. Even states that allow it are strict about where products can be sold.
Meyer and the consumers need to be concerned about CBD products containing contaminants. Because cannabis plants are able to absorb heavy metals, pesticides and other potentially dangerous chemicals from the soil or water, Kyle Boyar, a scientist at Medicinal Genomics who develops tests that allow labs to comply with state regulations, says this. Boyar advises that cannabis plants be tested regularly while they grow, and that finished products be tested using approved methods to protect against this risk.
Although CBD has been legalized in 47 states, many do not require testing. Even among the states that have legalized CBD, the details can vary greatly. Consumers need to manage their affairs and not rely on CBD manufacturers.
Meyer from Veritas farms says that consumers need to learn as much information as possible about CBD products, including where they came from and whether they have been tested for THC and CBD levels. She says, “We are trying to grow plants that are healthy and healthy for you.”
This guide will walk you through the steps of how to choose the right CBD product.
- Decide why you want to use CBD and what form
First, you need to think about why you want CBD. Although CBD is being promoted for many health benefits, and some preliminary research suggests that it may help with pain, anxiety, multiple sclerosis, and opioid addiction, it has so far been shown to only treat two severe forms of epilepsy. Learn more about CBD’s safety.
Even less information is available about the best forms of CBD, such as topical, drop or pill. Experts do offer some guidance.
Inhaling CBD can be used to relieve anxiety and muscle cramps. It can be done via a vape pen (think electronic cigarette) or cigarette-style. Oil drops placed under the tongue can provide quick relief. The effects of topical lotions that are applied to the skin by rubbing it on may vary from one person to another. Some people will feel it immediately, while others may not for several hours. CBD found in food products will take longer to be absorbed into your body. Learn more about the pros and disadvantages of each type.
- Take a look at how much THC the product contains
This is especially important if you don’t want to get high from THC. Many people are interested in CBD. Knowing the THC content can also be crucial for other reasons. This includes how effective a product is and where it can be purchased.
Research suggests that CBD might work better in certain people if it is combined with at least some THC. Martin Lee, Director of Project CBD, is an advocacy group that supports CBD research. He also wrote “Smoke Signals” (Scribner 2012). Lee refers to this as the “entourage effect”, which is the belief that the total of both chemicals plus any other compounds in the plant is greater than their individual parts.
This notion is, to be honest, more theoretical than it is empirical. To enhance CBD’s therapeutic effects, a very small amount of THC (as low at 0.3 percent for CBD products made with hemp) may be necessary.
If you are looking for a product with a small amount of THC, but not enough to get you high – choose one made from hemp. These products are also widely available online, as well as in retail stores. Note that CBD products must include THC levels on labels. However, experts Boyar and others have stated that CBD products should. You can check the product’s test results if they are available. See number 4 below.
It might be more difficult to find a CBD product with more than 0.3% THC. First, you will need to live in a state where marijuana has been legalized. To purchase it, you will need to visit a state-licensed dispensary. In the 20 states where marijuana is legal for medical purposes, you will also need to obtain a recommendation by a doctor. You don’t have to see a doctor in states that have legalized recreational and medical marijuana–Alaska (California), Washington, Oregon, Massachusetts and Massachusetts–but you must be at least 21 years old. (Maine, Vermont and Nevada have legalized marijuana for recreational purposes but have not opened recreational dispensaries.
Some dispensaries sell CBD-rich products, which are high in CBD but low in THC. These include oils, topicals and vaping liquids. Some dispensaries may sell marijuana plants or flowers that are low in THC. Michael Backes is the author of “Cannabis Pharmacy” (Black Dog & Leventhal 2014). Backes explains that the THC content in “AC/DC”, for example, can be as low as 0.5 percent. This is just below the threshold allowed for CBD from cannabis and lower than the typical 20 percent or greater THC concentrations found in most marijuana strains.
Lee warns that THC can be more psychoactive than other substances. You can avoid the high from CBD hemp.
- Find out where hemp was grown to get products made from it
Most CBD products that are sold online or in retail stores are made from hemp. It is important to know where the hemp comes from.
The majority of hemp used in CBD products sold within the U.S. comes either from Colorado, Oregon, or Kentucky, which have long histories with cannabis, or is imported from abroad, according to Colleen Lanier (executive director of the Hemp Industry Association).
Lanier believes that Colorado has the strongest hemp program of all those states. The state’s agricultural program conducts spot-tests on hemp plants while they are still out in the field to determine THC levels. It also investigates any potential illegal pesticide use based upon complaints. The 2018 Farm Bill, currently in Congress, could make it easier for farmers grow hemp, and increase the number of states that it can be grown and tested.
Lanier and Boyar both agree that products made from hemp grown in other countries can pose a problem because they don’t have to undergo any federal or state testing. Lanier states that consumers need to have access to testing results and manufacturers should follow FDA guidelines for good manufacturing practices.
Check labels for CBD products made from hemp to find out where it was grown. Look for CBD products that are from Colorado. However, not all products include this information. Ask staff at a dispensary to find out where hemp was grown. For products bought online, you can check the company’s website to verify that it contains this information. Or, contact the seller to ask the exact same question.
- Ask for test results
Ask for a COA (certificate of analysis) before you buy cbd oil in nz. This document shows how the product performed in tests to determine the presence of contaminants and CBD levels.
Even Colorado does not require the testing of CBD products. The company arranges the COA. Lanier states that although not all manufacturers do this, many do. This includes companies that import hemp, like CV Sciences, who makes Plus CBD Oil with hemp grown in Holland.
Avoid the online retailer and manufacturer if they don’t have the information or refuse to share it.
Indiana is one state that has made it easier to locate these COAs. All hemp-derived CBD products sold at Indiana stores must now include a QR code on the label. This QR code allows consumers to download a product’s COA directly to their phones. Jonathan Lawrence, director for vitamins and body care at Fresh Thyme Farmers Market in Indiana, said that all CBD products sold at their Indiana locations now have these codes. Lawrence states that it is important for consumers to understand what’s in their products and what they are taking.
Boyar suggests that you check the COA to ensure the product meets ISO 17025″ standards. This indicates that the laboratory adheres to high scientific standards. You should also check to see if a company uses testing methods that have been approved by one of three respected national standard-setting agencies: the Association of Official Agricultural Chemists, the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia or the U.S. Pharmacopoeia.
Contrary to hemp-derived CBD products made from cannabis, they must be tested. This is at least for states that allow recreational and medical use of marijuana. Dispensary staff in some states are required to have the COAs readily available and be willing or able to share them with customers. You can go to another dispensary, or get another product if they don’t have the COA.
Boyar states that testing is less consistent in states where marijuana has been legalized for medical use only. According to the National Cannabis Industry Association, several states, including Connecticut, Delaware and Hawaii, Florida, Minnesota, New Hampshire New Jersey, New Mexico and New York, require product testing. Others, such as Arizona and Michigan, don’t.
- Look out for products that list the CBD amount
Project CBD’s Lee says that you should look for products that indicate how much CBD (or cannabidiol) you receive in each bottle. Experts recommend starting with low doses of CBD products, as milligrams (or mgs) are used to express the amount of product. Consider tinctures that contain only 10 mg per dose. Mitch Earleywine is a professor of psychology at Albany State University of New York. Learn more about CBD’s safety.
However, you should be careful with products that only list the total amount of “cannabinoids” in them, and not the CBD content. These cannabinoids may include more than just CBD and THC, but also dozens of related compounds. Lee states that companies may choose to label their products this way in order to avoid scrutiny by the Food and Drug Administration.
These products don’t list the CBD content on the label and are often marketed as “whole-plant” or “full-spectrum” hemp products. They also claim to be rich in other compounds such as various fatty acid. It’s possible that these other compounds may provide additional health benefits. However, it’s not certain. You can check the COA if you have one to see how much CBD and THC they contain.
- Learn What Other Terms May Mean on the Label
Sometimes, CBD products labeled with the words “CO2 extraction” are stated. This can indicate that the CBD and other ingredients were extracted from the plant using high pressure carbon dioxide gas. It is not possible to use chemical solvents. Boyar states that depending on the CO2 extraction method used, it might be possible to extract CBD and other cannabinoids from the plant. This method isn’t necessarily better as it’s not clear if these other compounds offer additional health benefits. Boyar states that it might not be safer because some CO2 extraction methods still require solvents.
Some CBD products may also include or come from hemp oil. Some manufacturers refer to CBD oil as CBD oil. This is an oil rich in CBD that is primarily made from the flowers, resin and leaves of hemp plants. According to Lanier, the Hemp Industries Association, “hemp oil” is a term that refers to oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant. It contains very little CBD. This oil is commonly found in hemp-based cosmetics and soaps.
- Avoid products that make alarming health claims
Health claims, even those that are minor, such as the ability to treat migraines or other problems, are only legal for prescription drugs. Prescription drugs undergo rigorous testing for safety and effectiveness. The more extreme claims, like the ability to cure heart disease or cancer, the more skeptical one should be. The FDA has taken action against dozens of CBD companies that sell CBD products online, citing untrued health claims.
- Look out for vaping products with Propylene Glycol
Vape pens are light and portable, and they don’t produce any smoke. They can also be easily overlooked. The CBD concentrated oils in vape pens may contain propylene glycol, a solvent. Propylene glycol, when burned at high temperatures can turn into formaldehyde. This chemical can cause irritation to the eyes and nose, and can increase the risk for cancer and asthma. CBD vape pens with “solvent-free oils” are a good option to avoid this problem.